Last modified: August 2nd, 2017

Japanese utilizes data from a number of different sources which provide databases of up to date and accurate Japanese-language information and translations.

These include:


Japanese includes material from the JMdict dictionary files in accordance with the licence provisions of the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

JMdict is a large machine-readable multilingual Japanese dictionary which, as of January 2017, contains English, French and German translations for around 176,000 Japanese entries. See JMdict/EDICT‍ and EDRDG for details.

Example Sentences

The example sentences included within Japanese are in public domain and have been imported from the WWWJDIC server. Please refer to Tanaka Corpus for more information.


Japanese’s kanji stroke order animations are derived from the KanjiVG database, copyright © 2009-2015 Ulrich Apel, and released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license.


The SKIP (System of Kanji Indexing by Patterns) system for ordering kanji was developed by Jack Halpern (Kanji Dictionary Publishing Society at, and is used with his permission.


Parts of JLPT vocabulary are copyright © 2001 Thierry Bézecourt (


Character Animations Copyright © 2007-2017 Renzo Inc., all rights reserved.
Character Components Database Copyright © 2008-2017 Renzo Inc., all rights reserved.

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